The Carthaginians built up a great estate, but eventually they too were conquered by the Romans. But why? Hannibal won all the battles, but the Roman allies by and large remained faithful, and Rome survived, and eventually took the fighting to Spain and then to Carthage itself. But why did Rome eventually win? I agonised over this problem. Roman state craft perhaps? Or was it because Rome more effectively assimilated Greek culture?
It has Phoenician ruins, Roman artefacts, a medieval castle, Byzantine-style churches and arcaded Ottoman souks; however, its heritage is still waiting to be uncovered. The origins of Batroun, one of Lebanon’s ancient coastal cities, is still not known but is … read more
The new underground displays range from prehistory to the Ottoman Empire and include 31 Phoenician anthropoid sarcophagi carved in marble (sixth-century BC to fourth-century BC), the world’s largest such collection, and the second-century Roman tomb of Tyre, whose frescoed surfaces … read more
“The discovery of the first Phoenician port in Beirut along with the foundations of the Roman temple did not thrill the construction firm Venus all that much, as this will delay or maybe even put to stop the process of … read more