Tag Archives: تاريخ

The Phoenicians were the major naval and trading power of the region

Phoenician markets

By Aleph Kaph

Aleph Kaph on Facebook wrote from Palermo, Italy that the Phoenicians were among the greatest traders of their time and owed much of their prosperity to trade. At first, they traded mainly with the Greeks, trading wood, salves, glass and powdered Tyrian purple. Tyrian Purple was a violet-purple dye used by the Greek elite to color garments. In fact, the word Phoenician derives from the Ancient Greek word Phoinios meaning “purple”.

As trading and colonizing spread over the Mediterranean, Phoenicians and Greeks seemed to have unconsciously split that sea in two: the Phoenicians sailed along and eventually dominating the southern shore, while the Greeks were active along the northern shores. The two cultures clashed rarely, mainly in Sicily, which eventually settled into two spheres of influence, the Phoenician southwest and the Greek northeast.

In the centuries after 1200 BC, the Phoenicians were the major naval and trading power of the region. Phoenician trade was founded on the Tyrian Purple dye, a violet-purple dye derived from the shell of the Murex sea-snail, once profusely available in coastal waters of the eastern Mediterranean Sea but exploited to local extinction.

The Phoenicians established a second production center for the dye in Mogador, in present day Morocco. Brilliant textiles were a part of Phoenician wealth, and Phoenician glass was another export ware.

They traded unrefined, prick-eared hunting dogs of Asian or African origin which locally they had developed into many breeds. To Egypt, where grapevines would not grow, the 8th-century Phoenicians sold wine, the wine trade with Egypt is vividly documented by the shipwrecks located in 1997 in the open sea 30 miles west of Ascalon.

Pottery kilns at Tyre produced the big terracotta jars used for transporting wine and from Egypt they bought gold.

From elsewhere, they obtained other materials, perhaps the most important being silver from Iberian peninsula and tin from Great Britain, the latter of which when smelted with copper (from Cyprus) created the durable metal allow bronze. It is also apparent that there was a highly lucrative Phoenician trade with Britain for tin.

Source: Phoenician Bazaar.

كمال ديب عن سعيد عقل – الفكرة اللبنانية من دون شوائب

نشرت جريدة الحياة مقالا عن مقابلة أجراها الدكتور كمال ديب، كاتب وأستاذ جامعي كندي من أصل لبناني. اذا بحث المرء عن الفكرة اللبنانية من دون شوائب وكما وُلدت في ثلاثينات القرن العشرين، فهي بلا شك محفوظة في ذهن الشاعر اللبناني … read more

شارل قرم – 6000 سنة من العطاءات السلمية للانسانية

“6000 Years of Peaceful Contributions to Mankind” كتاب عن تراث اسلافه الغني، الفينيقيون. كتب في الأصل باللغة الفرنسية على يد شارل قرم، وقدم في مؤتمر عام 1949 في الجمعية العامة – الاونيسكو. قام بترجمة هذا الاصدار إلى اللغة الإنجليزية، واستكملها … read more

Europa to Europe again

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Cezar Gemayel – Battle of Anjar


It took me more than 10 years to find the painter of the national painting “Battle of Anjar”. National because it’s the battle where the Lebanese prince Fakhreddine II (فخر الدين الثاني) laid the foundation for establishing the current Lebanon. … read more

سوى انكم لن تنتزعوا بلادا من قلب انسان

اسكندر نجار

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